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Wedepohl 1991
Wedepohl, K.H. (1991). Chemical-Composition and Fractionation of the Continental-Crust. Geologische Rundschau 80(2): 207-223.
A new estimate of the bulk continental crust is reported consisting of 57 percent lower crust (60% felsic and 40% mafic granulites) and 43 percent upper crust. The proportions of crustal units are based on petrological observations (BOHLEN & MEZGER, 1989). The estimate of a bulk composition is intermediate between andesite and tonalite and is higher in Si, K, Rb, Sr, Zr, Nb, Ba, LREE, Pb, Th concentrations and lower in Mg, Ca, Sc, Mn, Fe than the crustal abundances reported by TAYLOR & MCLENNAN (1985). Equal chemical composition between the upper crust and the felsic part of the lower crust is attained in balance computations if one restores a fraction of 12.5 percent S-type granite from the upper into the lower crust. An example of water-undersaturated partial melting and separation of a fraction of about 35 percent granitic magma at the conversion from amphibolite- into granulite-facies metasediments has been balanced by SCHNETGER (1988) in the Ivrea area (N. Italy). The worldwide observed discrepancy between a larger negative Eu anomaly in the upper crust compared with the half as large positive anomaly of the lower crust increasing from the early Precambrian to present has been explained by recycling of Ca-rich restite into the upper mantle. The composition of the Archean crust (example: Greenland) does not differ systematically from the post-Archean crust.


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= 5 kb, ivrea zone, phase relations, oceanic-crust, southern alps, rocks, geochemistry, origin, petrogenesis, granitoids
Geologische Rundschau
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