GERM Reservoir Database
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GERM Database Search Results        
Reservoir Z Element Value Median SD Low High N Unit Info Reference Source(s)
Oceans Surface water 13 Al 1           µg/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 0 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Hydes 1979
Oceans Surface water 18 Ar 10             Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 10 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Craig et al. 1967
Oceans Surface water 33 As 0.1           µg/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Species = Dimethylarsenate. Depth = 1 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Andreae 1979
Oceans Surface water 33 As 1.1           µg/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Species = As(V). Depth = 0 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Andreae 1979
Oceans Surface water 79 Au       4 27   ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. All depths. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Schutz & Turekian 1965
Oceans Surface water 5 B 4.4           mg/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Species = Inorganic Boron. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Noakes & Hood 1961
Oceans Surface water 56 Ba 4.8           µg/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 13 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Chan et al. 1976
Oceans Surface water 4 Be 36           pg/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 40 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Measures & Edmond 1982
Oceans Surface water 83 Bi 20           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 0 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Brooks 1960
Oceans Surface water 35 Br 67           mg/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Species = Bromid. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Morris & Riley 1966
Oceans Surface water 6 C 2039             Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Species = Total CO2. Depth = 1 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Broecker & Takahashi 1978
Oceans Surface water 20 Ca 417.6           mg/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 30 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Horbie et al. 1974
Oceans Surface water 48 Cd 0.3           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 0 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Bruland 1980
Oceans Surface water 58 Ce 2.35           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 100 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Elderfield & Greaves 1982
Oceans Surface water 17 Cl 19.353           g/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Species = Chloride. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Wilson 1975
Millero & Leung 1976
Oceans Surface water 27 Co 7           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 0.2 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Knauer & Martin 1973
Oceans Surface water 24 Cr 268           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Species = Cr(tot). Depth = 0 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Cranston 1979
Oceans Surface water 55 Cs 0.3           µg/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 0 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Brass & Turekian 1974
Oceans Surface water 29 Cu 34           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 0 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Bruland 1980
Oceans Surface water 66 Dy 0.78           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 100 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Elderfield & Greaves 1982
Oceans Surface water 68 Er 0.8           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 100 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Elderfield & Greaves 1982
Oceans Surface water 63 Eu 0.1           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 100 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Elderfield & Greaves 1982
Oceans Surface water 9 F 1.3           mg/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Bewers et al. 1973
Oceans Surface water 26 Fe 8           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 0 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Gordon et al. 1982
Oceans Surface water 31 Ga       15 30   ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Burton et al. 1959
Ishibashi 1961
Oceans Surface water 64 Gd 0.54           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 100 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Elderfield & Greaves 1982
Oceans Surface water 32 Ge         0.5   ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 0 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Froelich & Andreae 1981
Oceans Surface water 2 He 1.7             Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 2 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Clarke et al. 1970
Oceans Surface water 72 Hf         8   ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Schutz & Turekian 1965
Oceans Surface water 80 Hg 3           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = above thermocline. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Mukherji & Kester 1979
Oceans Surface water 53 I 48           µg/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 2 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Wong & Brewer 1974
Oceans Surface water 49 In 0.3           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 2 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Matthews & Riley 1970
Oceans Surface water 77 Ir 0.1             Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983
Oceans Surface water 19 K 399           mg/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Culkin & Cox 1966
Oceans Surface water 36 Kr 2             Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 10 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Bieri et al. 1968
Oceans Surface water 57 La 1.8           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 100 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Elderfield & Greaves 1982
Oceans Surface water 3 Li 178           µg/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 2 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Fabricand et al. 1967
Oceans Surface water 12 Mg 1.284           g/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Carpenter & Mannella 1973
Oceans Surface water 25 Mn 34           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Species = Dissolved Mn. Depth < 1 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Landing & Bruland 1980
Oceans Surface water 42 Mo 11           µg/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 0 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Cranston 1979
Oceans Surface water 7 N 0             Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Species = NO3. Depth = 22 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Bainbridge 1979
Oceans Surface water 11 Na 10.781           g/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Millero & Leung 1976
Oceans Surface water 41 Nb         10   ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 0 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Carlisle & Hummerstone 1958
Oceans Surface water 60 Nd 1.85           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 100 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Elderfield & Greaves 1982
Oceans Surface water 10 Ne 7             Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 10 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Craig et al. 1967
Oceans Surface water 28 Ni 146           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 0 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Bruland 1980
Oceans Surface water 8 O 205             Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Species = Dissolved 02. Depth = 22 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Bainbridge 1979
Oceans Surface water 15 P 0.08             Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Species = Reactive phosphate. Depth = 22 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Bainbridge 1979
Oceans Surface water 82 Pb 13.6           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 0.2 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Schaule & Patterson 1981
Oceans Surface water 37 Rb 124           µg/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 10 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Spencer et al. 1970
Oceans Surface water 75 Re 5.6           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 0 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Olafsson & Riley 1972
Oceans Surface water 44 Ru 0.7           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 10 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Dixon et al. 1966
Oceans Surface water 16 S 2.712           g/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Species = Sulfate. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Morris & Riley 1966
Oceans Surface water 51 Sb 0.2           µg/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Griel & Robinson 1952
Oceans Surface water 21 Sc       0.4 1   ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. All depths. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Brewer et al. 1972
Oceans Surface water 34 Se 25           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Species = Se VI. Depth 1 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Measures & Burton 1980
Oceans Surface water 34 Se         2   ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Species = Se IV. Depth = 1 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Measures & Burton 1980
Oceans Surface water 34 Se 27           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Species = SC(tot). Depth = 1 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Measures & Burton 1980
Oceans Surface water 14 Si 2             Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Species = Silicate. Depth = 22 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Bainbridge 1979
Oceans Surface water 62 Sm 0.4           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 100 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Elderfield & Greaves 1982
Oceans Surface water 50 Sn 1           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Dpeth = 0 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Spencer et al. 1970
Oceans Surface water 38 Sr 7.404           mg/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 10 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Brass & Turekian 1974
Oceans Surface water 73 Ta         2.5   ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Schutz & Turekian 1965
Oceans Surface water 90 Th         0.1     Thorium concentration in surface seawater as measured by Kaufman 1969. These average Thorium values are used mainly for a model in which to compare and contrast data analyzed in this study (Chen et al. 1986) for the accuracy of measurements conducted. Chen et al. 1986 Kaufman 1969
Oceans Surface water 90 Th         0.7   ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Turekian & Chan 1971
Oceans Surface water 22 Ti 0.9           µg/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Griel & Robinson 1952
Oceans Surface water 81 Tl       11 13   ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 0 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983
Oceans Surface water 92 U 3.2           µg/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Turekian & Chan 1971
Oceans Surface water 23 V 1           µg/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 0 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Morris 1975
Oceans Surface water 74 W 0.1           µg/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Ishibashi 1953
Chan & Riley 1967
Oceans Surface water 54 Xe 0.28             Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Dpeth = 10 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Mazor et al. 1964
Oceans Surface water 70 Yb 0.61           ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 100 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Elderfield & Greaves 1982
Oceans Surface water 30 Zn       6 7   ng/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 0 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Bruland 1980
Oceans Surface water 40 Zr 1           µg/kg Surface or near-surface concentratio. Where possible data is from the Pacific ocean that shows the greates variations; otherwhise data is from the Atlantic ocean. Depth = 0 m. Quinby-Hunt & Turekian 1983 Sastry et al. 1969
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