GERM Reservoir Database
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GERM Database Search Results        
Reservoir Z Element Value Median SD Low High N Unit Info Reference Source(s)
Acapulcoite Primitive Achondrites 76 Os 670           ng/g Trace element compositional data on Acapulcoites. Mittlefehldt 2004 Yanai & Kojima 1991
Zipfel et al. 1995
ALH 77005 Meteorite 76 Os 4.4           ppb Mars elemental abundances as given by ALH77005 meteorite, which is a lherzolitic shergottite, as given in Lodders 1988. McSween, Jr. 2004 Lodders 1998
ALH 84001 Meteorite 76 Os 0.01           ppb Mars elemental abundances as given by ALH84001 meteorite, which is an orthopyroxenite, as given in Lodders 1988. McSween, Jr. 2004 Lodders 1998
ALH 84025 Brachinite 76 Os 250           ng/g Trace element compositional data on ALH 84025 Brachinite. Mittlefehldt 2004 Warren & Kallemeyn 1989a
ALHA 77257 Urelite 76 Os 112           ng/g Trace element compositional data on ALHA77257 Urelite. Mittlefehldt 2004 Jarosewich 1990
Warren & Kallemeyn 1992
Spitz & Boynton 1991
ALHA77081 Acapulcoite 76 Os 950           ng/g Trace element compositional data on Acapulcoite ALHA77081. Mittlefehldt 2004 Schultz et al. 1982
Allende Meteorite 76 Os 760           ng/g Concentratons of elements in the Allende chondrites which were determined by both INAA and RNAA. After analyses, the sameples were then prepared in thin section and prepared for optic analyses by electron microprobe. Grossman & Wasson 1985
Arizona Upper Crust   187Os/188Os 0.548             Mean and Median Re & Os compositions from Central Arizona eclogite and granulite xenoliths. Saal et al. 1998 Esperanca et al. 1997
Arizona Upper Crust   187Re/188Os 32.33 26.42           Mean and Median Re & Os compositions from Central Arizona eclogite and granulite xenoliths. Saal et al. 1998 Esperanca et al. 1997
Arizona Upper Crust 76 Os 45 31         ppt Mean and Median Re & Os compositions from Central Arizona eclogite and granulite xenoliths. Saal et al. 1998 Esperanca et al. 1997
Aubres Aubrite 76 Os 0.843           ng/g Trace element compositional data on Aubres Aubrite. Mittlefehldt 2004 Easton 1985
Wolf et al. 1983
CAI Inclusions Allende Meteorite 76 Os 13   0.52       ppm Bulk composition of an 111.1mg Ca-Al-rich inclusion from the Allende Meteorite named A37. Analyses performed on A37 were by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis, all values given in ppm. This particular analysis performed included all ranges of sections from A37 which therin yielded the best approximation of where particular elements were best located. Bischoff & Palme 1987
Carbonaceous Chondrites   Os/Ir 1.07   0.04         Element ratios were determined on relatively unaltered chondritic meteorites including CI, CM, CO, CV and CK. McDonough & Sun 1995
Chassigny Achondrite 76 Os 1.36           ppb Trace element abundances of the Chassigny meteorite given by Treiman et al. 1986.  These values along with those of the C1 Chondrites are used mainly for comparison and normalization of values taken from other sources pertaining to Urelites.  Janssens et al. 1987 Treiman et al. 1986
Chassigny Meteorite 76 Os 1.58   0.31       ppb Mars elemental abundances as given by Chassigny meteorite (chassignite) as given in Lodders 1988. McSween, Jr. 2004 Lodders 1998
CI Chondrites 76 Os 0.486           ppm Abundance of elements in the solar system from Anders & Grevesse 1989 study of CI meteorites. Palme & Jones 2004 Anders & Grevesse 1989
CI Chondrites 76 Os 0.506   0.01012       ppm Abundance of elements in the solar system based off of Palme & Beer 1993 study of CI meteorites. Palme & Jones 2004 Palme & Beer 1993
Jochum 1996
CI Chondrites 76 Os 1.38   0.04         CI Meteorite derived solar system abundances of various elements. Palme & Jones 2004
CI Chondrites 76 Os 506   25.3       ppb Composition of the Primitive Mantle of the Earth as based on CI Chondritic major and trace element compositions from Chapter 1.03 Palme & Jones 2004 Treatise of Geochemistry. Palme & O'Neill 2004 Palme & Jones 2004
CI Chondrites 76 Os 490           ppb C1 Carbonaceous chondrite major and minor element compositions as given in Wasson & Kallemeyn 1988. These values are given in an effort to accurately represent the C1 chondrites as based on an array of sources and derive a revised model for the composition of the Earth. McDonough & Sun 1995 Wasson & Kallemeyn 1988
CI Chondrites 76 Os 490           ppb C1 Carbonaceous chondrite major and minor element compositions as given in Palme 1988. These values are given in an effort to accurately represent the C1 chondrites as based on an array of sources and derive a revised model for the composition of the Earth. McDonough & Sun 1995 Palme 1988
CI Chondrites 76 Os 490           ppb Based on measurements on 3 out of 5 carbonaceous chrondrites namely Orgueil, Ivuna and Alais. McDonough & Sun 1995
CI Chondrites 76 Os 486   30.6     16 ppb Mean C1 chondrite from atomic abundances based on C = 3.788E-3*H*A where C = concentration; H = atomic abundance and A = atomic weight. Values are not normalised to 100% Anders & Grevesse 1989
CI Chondrites 76 Os 517           ppb C1 Chondrite trace element abundances as found by Anders and Ebihara 1982.  All Urelite values given by other sources are normalized to these values simply to put the data on a common scale. Janssens et al. 1987 Anders & Ebihara 1982
CI Chondrites   Os/Ir 1.077             Element ratios were determined on relatively unaltered chondritic meteorites. McDonough & Sun 1995
Continental Crust 76 Os 0.05           ppb UCC = Esser & Turekian (1993). Wedepohl 1995
Continental Crust 76 Os 0.05           ppb Taylor & McLennan 1995
Continental Crust 76 Os 0.041           ng/g Recommended composition of the Bulk Continental Crust where the total-crust composition is calculated according to the upper, middle and lower-crust compositions obtained in this study and corresponding weighing factors of 0.317, 0.296 and 0.388. The weighing factors are based on the layer thickness of the global continental crust, recalculated from crustal structure and areal proportion of various tectonic units given by Rudnick and Fountain 1995. Rudnick & Gao 2004 Rudnick & Fountain 1995
Continental Crust 76 Os 0.05           ng/g Major and trace element compositional estimates of the Bulk Continental Crust given by Wedepohl 1995. Major element oxides are given in wt.% and trace elements in either ng/g or ¿g/g. Rudnick & Gao 2004 Wedepohl 1995
Continental Crust 76 Os 0.05           ng/g Major and trace element compositional estimates of the Bulk Continental Crust given by Taylor and McLennan 1985 & 1995. Major element oxides are given in wt.% and trace elements in either ng/g or ¿g/g. Rudnick & Gao 2004 Taylor & McLennan 1985
Taylor & McLennan 1995
Continental Crust 76 Os 0.041           ng/g Rudnick & Gao 2004
Core 76 Os 2.8           ppm Elemental composition of the Earth's core as given in ppm unless stated as wt. %. McDonough 2004
Core 76 Os 2.8           µg/g Compostioinal models for the bulk Earth, core and silicate Earth are modified after McDonough & Sun (1995). McDonough 1998
Delta Sediments   187Os/186Os 10.7   0.16         Unweighted mean of multiple samples from deltaic or continental shelf sediments for this river which have purely terrigenous Os only. This estimate can be used as a proxy for the upper continental crust. Esser & Turekian 1993
Delta Sediments   187Os/186Os 10.69   0.235         Unweighted mean of multiple samples from deltaic or continental shelf sediments for this river which have purely terrigenous Os only. This estimate can be used as a proxy for the upper continental crust. Esser & Turekian 1993
Delta Sediments   187Os/186Os 10.19   0.215         Unweighted mean of multiple samples from deltaic or continental shelf sediments for this river which have purely terrigenous Os only. This estimate can be used as a proxy for the upper continental crust. Esser & Turekian 1993
Depleted Mantle   187Re/186Os 403   6         Model 187Re/186Os is calculated assuming T(Os) = T(Nd) with ?(Re) = 1.64E-10 1/a and mantle values for 187Os/186Os = 1.055 and 187Re/186Os = 3.22. The uncertainties include errors on the 187Os/186Os in the sample and T(Nd) that is calculated with respect to the depleted mantle using the relation e(Nd,T) = 0.25T^2 - 3T + 8.5 from DePaolo (1981). Esser & Turekian 1993
Depleted Mantle 76 Os 2.99   0.4485       ppb Estimate for the concentrations in the Depleted Mantle of most of the elements of the Periodic Table.  Os/Is is the element ratio/constraint used to make this estimate. Salters & Stracke 2004
EET 83309 Urelite 76 Os 270           ng/g Trace element compositional data on EET 83309 Urelite. Mittlefehldt 2004 Warren & Kallemeyn 1989b
Enstatite Chondrites   Os/Ir 1.15   0.06         Element ratios were determined on relatively unaltered chondritic meteorites including EL and EH. McDonough & Sun 1995
Havero Ureilite Vein Metal 76 Os 1570           ppb Trace element abundances of the Havero Vein sample B18-2 analyzed here by Janssens et al. 1987.  According to analysis of the siderophile elements of Havero, this sample is highly enriched in vein material as indicated by noble gas and this trace element data.  .. Janssens et al. 1987
IAB Udei Station 76 Os 50           ng/g Trace element compositional data on IAB from Udei Station. Mittlefehldt 2004 Kallemeyn & Wasson 1985
Igneous Rocks 76 Os 3           ppt Major, minor and trace element abundances of eucrites from Moore County which much like the Serra de Mage is cumulate and unbrecciated. However, Moore County eucrites have less plagioclase than Serra de Mage and the plagioclase that it does have is much less calcic.  According to Hess and Henderson 1949 this eucrite resembles a terrestrial norite in bulk composition. Moore County Morgan et al. 1978
Igneous Rocks 76 Os 400           ppt Element abundances of Moore County eucrites as found by various other sources.  These values are used for comparison to values obtained in this study (Morgan et al. 1978) according to some form of Neutron Activation Analysis. Morgan et al. 1978 Morgan 1965
Juvinas Eucrite 76 Os 18           ppt Major, minor and trace element abundances of the Juvinas eucrite, which is a typical brecciated sample.  Juvinas was analyzed according to various types of Neutron Activation Analysis and it was found to be compositionally similar to Ibitira eucrite. Other characteristics that define Juvinas are its mineral assemblages and oriented textures with lithic clasts several centimeters wide, and positive Eu anomalies which resembles rocks from a layered igneous intrusion.  Morgan et al. 1978
Kenna Ureilite 76 Os 698         1 ppb Abundances of the trace elements found in the Kenna Meteorite taken from sample H159.23 from the American Meteorite Laboratory.  This bulk urelite sample is the richest in siderophile elements. Janssens et al. 1987
Kenna Ureilite Vein Metal 76 Os 939           ppb Trace element abundances of the Kenna Vein material which in fact was a hand picked separate of only 33mg.  According to this analysis of the siderophile elements it is only slightly enriched in vein material.  Janssens et al. 1987
LL Ordinary Chondrites 76 Os 324           ng/g Concentratons of elements in mean LL chondrites which were determined by both INAA and RNAA. After analyses, the sameples were then prepared in thin section and prepared for optic analyses by electron microprobe. Grossman & Wasson 1985
Loess   187Os/186Os 10.58   0.26         Unweighted mean of multiple samples from Mississippi loess sediments (Peoria Loess and Roxana Silt) which have purely terrigenous Os only. This estimate can be used as a proxy for the upper continental crust. Esser & Turekian 1993
Lower Continental Crust 76 Os 0.05           ng/g Recommended composition of the Lower Continental crust as given by various sources. Major element oxides are given in wt.% and trace element concentrations are given in either ng/g or ¿g/g. Rudnick & Gao 2004 Saal et al. 1998
Lower Continental Crust 76 Os 0.05           ng/g Major and trace element compositional estimates of the lower continental crust as given by Taylor and McLennan 1985, 1995 using average lower crustal abundances. Major element oxides are given in wt.% and trace elements in either ng/g or ¿g/g. Rudnick & Gao 2004 Taylor & McLennan 1985
Taylor & McLennan 1995
Lower Continental Crust 76 Os 0.05           ppb Taylor & McLennan 1995
Manganese Nodules 76 Os 0.002           ppm Average concentrations of various elements found in deep sea Manganese nodules.  Sea salt components are subtracted assuming all chloride is of seawater origin. Li 1991 Baturin 1988
Esser 1991
Marine Pelagic Clay 76 Os 0.00014           ppm Average concentrations for various elements enriched in Oceanic Pelagic Clays.  Compared to the element values of Shales, the Pelagic Clays are relatively similar with few exceptions.   All sea salt components are subtracted from the sample analysis assuming all chloride is of seawater origin. Li 1991 Turekian & Wedepohl 1961
Esser 1991
Marine Shales 76 Os 5e-05           ppm Average concentrations of various elements in shales, note that the values are within a factor of two or better as compared to Oceanic Pelagic Clays with a few exceptions.  The exceptions, as far as this reference is concerned, are not critical and any conclusions drawn are applicable to both Oceanic Pelagic Clays and Shales.  Li 1991 Turekian & Wedepohl 1961
Esser 1991
META 78008 Urelite 76 Os 460           ng/g Trace element compositional data on META 78008 Urelite. Mittlefehldt 2004 Warren & Kallemeyn 1992
N-MORB   187Os/188Os 0.12             Average isotopic values of N-MORB taken from varying sources for comparison to 735B gabbro isotopic composition analyzed in Hart et al. 1999. Hart et al. 1999 Hofmann 1988
Ito et al. 1987
Smith et al. 1995
Hauri & Hart 1997
Nakhla Meteorite 76 Os 0.007   0.004       ppb Mars elemental abundances as given by Nakhla meteorite (nakhlite) as given in Lodders 1988. McSween, Jr. 2004 Lodders 1998
North Queensland Lower Continental Crust   187Re/186Os 0.418 0.804           Granulite facies lower-crustal xenoliths from the Chudleigh and McBride suites in Northern Queensland, Australia. Saal et al. 1998
North Queensland Lower Continental Crust   187Re/188Os 13.54 19.7           Granulite facies lower-crustal xenoliths from the Chudleigh and McBride suites in Northern Queensland, Australia. Saal et al. 1998
North Queensland Lower Continental Crust 76 Os 102 49         ppt Granulite facies lower-crustal xenoliths from the Chudleigh and McBride suites in Northern Queensland, Australia. Saal et al. 1998
Nuevo Laredo Eucrite 76 Os 80           ng/g Trace element compositional data on Nuevo Laredo Eucrites. Mittlefehldt 2004 Warren & Jerde 1987
ODP Site 735   187Os/188Os 0.2284         22   Average of 22 composite strip samples as defined in Table 1. Data from Blusztajn et al. (1999). Hart et al. 1999
ODP Site 735   187Re/188Os 1000             Average of 22 composite strip samples as defined in Table 1. Hart et al. 1999
ODP Site 735 76 Os 33.8 1       22 ppt Average of 22 composite strip samples as defined in Table 1. Data from Blusztajn et al. (1999). Hart et al. 1999
Ordinary Chondrites   Os/Ir 1.07   0.03         Element ratios were determined on relatively unaltered chondritic meteorites including L, LL and H. McDonough & Sun 1995
Orgueil Chondrite 76 Os 490           ng/g Bulk compositions of Orgueil chondrules as measured by INAA. Orgueil used as standard. Grossman et al. 1985
Orgueil Chondrite 76 Os 699         12 ppb Solar system abundances of major and minor elements as based on studies from the Orgueil Meteorite. Abundances in the Orgueil meteorite are adequately close to the C1 chondrite mean except for REE, in which case other studies will yield more preferable results Anders & Ebihara 1982
Orgueil Chondrite 76 Os 483         12 ppb Orgueil meteorite measurements. Anders & Grevesse 1989
Pena Blanca Spring Aubrite 76 Os 0.45           ng/g Trace element compositional data on Pe¿a Blanca Spring Aubrite. Mittlefehldt 2004 Wolf et al. 1983
Lodders et al. 1993
Primitive Mantle 76 Os 3.4   0.34       ppb Elemental composition of the Primitive Mantle of the Earth as given from this study and other various sources. These elemental values are compared to those of CI Chondrites given by Palme & Jones 2004 Treatise of Geochemistry. Comments given by the authors in reference to these values: HSE, Os/Ir = 1.07 ¿ 0.014, H-chondrite Palme & O'Neill 2004 Kallemeyn et al. 1989
Primitive Mantle 76 Os 3.4   1.02       ppb Pyrolite model for the silicate Earth composition based on peridotites, komatiites and basalts. Error estimate is subjective. McDonough & Sun 1995
Qingzhen Enstatite Chondrite 76 Os 750           ng/g Bulk elemental compositions of Quingzhen whole rock as measured by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis. Grossman et al. 1985
Seawater   187Os/186Os 6.3   3.1         Koide et al. 1996
Seawater 76 Os 0.0017   0.00085       ng/kg Koide et al. 1996
Shergotty Meteorite 76 Os 0.4           ppb Mars elemental abundances as given by Shergotty meteorite (basalitc shergottite) as given in Lodders 1988. Mars elemental abundances as given by Shergotty meteorite, which is a basalitc shergottite, as given in Lodders 1988. McSween, Jr. 2004 Lodders 1998
Silicate Earth 76 Os 3.4   1.02       ppb Pyrolite model for the silicate Earth composition based on peridotites, komatiites and basalts. Error estimate is subjective. McDonough & Sun 1995
Silicate Earth 76 Os 0.003           ppm Composition of the Silicate Earth as given by elemental abundances in ppm (and wt%). McDonough 2004
Silicate Earth 76 Os 0.003           µg/g Compostioinal models for the bulk Earth, core and silicate Earth are modified after McDonough & Sun (1995). McDonough 1998
Solar Photosphere 76 Os 1.45   0.1         Abundances in Solar Photosphere; in original table: log N(H) = 12.00 Anders & Grevesse 1989
Solar Photosphere 76 Os 1.45   0.1         Elemental solar photospheric abundances as given by various references. Palme & Jones 2004 Grevesse & Sauval 1998
Solar System 76 Os 0.69             Anders & Ebihara 1982 Cameron 1982
Solar System 76 Os 0.717   0.070266     18   Anders & Ebihara 1982
Solar System 76 Os 0.675   0.04253     16   Solar atomic abundances based on an average of C1 chondrites. Values are not normalised to 100% but they are relative to 10E6 Silica atoms. Anders & Grevesse 1989
Solid Earth   187Re/188Os         4     Parent/daughter ratios of Depleted MORB mantle (DMM) from a number of different sources. Ratio values used as models for comparison to ratio values from Oceanic Gabbroic composites. Hart et al. 1999 Allegre et al. 1988
Solid Earth   187Re/188Os 0.4             Parent/daughter ratios of Bulk Earth from a number of different sources. Ratio values used as models for comparison to ratio values from Oceanic Gabbroic composites. Hart et al. 1999 Shirey & Walker 1998
Solid Earth 76 Os 0.9           µg/g Compostioinal models for the bulk Earth, core and silicate Earth are modified after McDonough & Sun (1995). McDonough 1998
Solid Earth 76 Os 0.9           ppm Bulk elemental composition of the Solid Earth with concentrations given in ppm (and wt% where noted). McDonough 2004
Spinel Peridotites 76 Os 4 3.7 1.8     18 ppb McDonough 1990
Upper Continental Crust   187Os/186Os 10.54   0.12         Unweighted mean of multiple samples from deltaic or continental shelf sediments for this river which have purely terrigenous Os only. This mean includes loess sediments from the Mississippi river valley. This estimate can be used as a proxy for the upper continental crust. Esser & Turekian 1993
Upper Continental Crust   187Os/188Os 1.9256             Average upper crustal Re & Os compositions taken from Esser and Turekian 1993. These compositions are used for relative comparison to the compositions of the lower crustal values found from the Chudlieh and McBride xenolith suites from Northern Queensland, Australia. Saal et al. 1998 Esser & Turekian 1993
Upper Continental Crust   187Re/188Os 47.62             Average upper crustal Re & Os compositions taken from Esser and Turekian 1993. These compositions are used for relative comparison to the compositions of the lower crustal values found from the Chudlieh and McBride xenolith suites from Northern Queensland, Australia. Saal et al. 1998 Esser & Turekian 1993
Upper Continental Crust 76 Os 50           ppt Average upper crustal Re & Os compositions taken from Esser and Turekian 1993. These compositions are used for relative comparison to the compositions of the lower crustal values found from the Chudlieh and McBride xenolith suites from Northern Queensland, Australia. Saal et al. 1998 Esser & Turekian 1993
Upper Continental Crust 76 Os 0.05           ng/g Estimates of trace element compositions of the Upper Continental Crust. These values are taken from Taylor and McLennan 1985 & 1995 and represent estimates derived from sedimentary and loess data. Rudnick & Gao 2004 Taylor & McLennan 1985
Taylor & McLennan 1995
Upper Continental Crust 76 Os 0.031           ng/g Recommended composition of the Upper Continental Crust as given by various sources which are listed in Table 1 and 2 of Rudnick and Gao 2004 as well as in the text. Rudnick & Gao 2004
Upper Continental Crust 76 Os 0.031   0.009       ng/g Recommended composition of the Upper Continental Crust as given by various sources which are listed in Table 1 and 2 of Rudnick and Gao 2004 as well as in the text. Rudnick & Gao 2004 see text
Upper Continental Crust 76 Os 0.031           ng/g Estimates of trace element compositions of the Upper Continental Crust. These values are taken from Peucker-Ehrenbrink and Jahn 2001 and represent estimates derived from sedimentary and loess data. Rudnick & Gao 2004 Peucker-Eherenbrink & Jahn 2001
Upper Continental Crust 76 Os 0.05           ppb Taylor & McLennan 1995
Watson IIE Iron 76 Os 25.6           ng/g Trace element compositional data on Watson IIE Iron. Mittlefehldt 2004 Olsen et al. 1994
Winonaite Pontlyfni 76 Os 780           ng/g Trace element compositional data on the Pontlyfni Winonaite. Mittlefehldt 2004 Graham et al. 1977
Davis et al. 1977
Winonaite Tierra Blanca 76 Os 1240           ng/g Trace element compositional data on Tierra Blanca Winonaite. Mittlefehldt 2004 Kallemeyn & Wasson 1985
Jarosweich 1990
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