GERM Partition Coefficient (Kd) Database
Development and Maintenance by the EarthRef.org Database Team
Data contribution by Roger Nielsen

Partition Coefficients      
Rock Type Mineral Z Elem Value SD Low High Kd Type Info Reference
Alkali Basalt Amphibole 21 Sc 6       Phenocryst-Matrix Villemant et al. 1981
Alkali Basalt Amphibole 21 Sc 2.18       Phenocryst-Matrix Matsui et al. 1977
Alkali Basalt Biotite 21 Sc 8.3       Phenocryst-Matrix Villemant et al. 1981
Alkali Basalt Clinopyroxene 21 Sc 1.31       Phenocryst-Matrix Zack & Brumm 1998
Alkali Basalt Clinopyroxene 21 Sc 3       Phenocryst-Matrix Villemant et al. 1981
Alkali Basalt Ilmenite 21 Sc 0.58       Phenocryst-Matrix Zack & Brumm 1998
Alkali Basalt Olivine 21 Sc 0.22       Phenocryst-Matrix Villemant et al. 1981
Alkali Basalt Plagioclase 21 Sc     0.04 0.1 Phenocryst-Matrix Villemant et al. 1981
Alkali Olivine Basalt Garnet 21 Sc 5.4       Phenocryst-Matrix Irving & Frey 1978
Alkali Olivine Basalt Spinel 21 Sc     0.36 0.57 Experimental Horn et al. 1994
Andesite Amphibole 21 Sc 13       Phenocryst-Matrix Bacon & Druitt 1988
Andesite Amphibole 21 Sc     8.1 13 Phenocryst-Matrix Luhr & Carmichael 1980
Andesite Amphibole 21 Sc 4.2       Phenocryst-Matrix Matsui et al. 1977
Andesite Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     6.9 16 Phenocryst-Matrix Luhr & Carmichael 1980
Andesite Clinopyroxene 21 Sc 17       Phenocryst-Matrix Bacon & Druitt 1988
Andesite Garnet 21 Sc 3.9       Phenocryst-Matrix Irving & Frey 1978
Andesite Low Calcium Pyroxene 21 Sc 4.3       Phenocryst-Matrix Bacon & Druitt 1988
Andesite Low Calcium Pyroxene 21 Sc     2.2 4.7 Phenocryst-Matrix Luhr & Carmichael 1980
Andesite Magnetite 21 Sc     1.7 3.3 Phenocryst-Matrix Luhr & Carmichael 1980
Andesite Olivine 21 Sc 0.3       Phenocryst-Matrix Luhr & Carmichael 1980
Andesite Olivine 21 Sc 0.265       Experimental McKay & Weill 1977
Andesite Plagioclase 21 Sc 0.01       Phenocryst-Matrix Bacon & Druitt 1988
Andesite Plagioclase 21 Sc     0.01 0.03 Phenocryst-Matrix Luhr & Carmichael 1980
Andesite Sphene 21 Sc 10       Phenocryst-Matrix Luhr & Carmichael 1980
Basalt Amphibole 21 Sc 2.18       Phenocryst-Matrix Higuchi & Nagasawa 1969
Basalt Apatite 21 Sc 0.22       Phenocryst-Matrix Paster et al. 1974
Basalt Ca-Perovskite 21 Sc     0.1 0.2 Experimental Kato et al. 1988
Basalt Clinopyroxene 21 Sc 3.3       Phenocryst-Matrix Paster et al. 1974
Basalt Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     2.38 3.23 Phenocryst-Matrix Dale & Henderson 1972
Basalt Clinopyroxene 21 Sc 1.42       Experimental Jenner et al. 1994
Basalt Clinopyroxene 21 Sc 0.808       Experimental Hauri et al. 1994
Basalt Clinopyroxene 21 Sc 1.31       Experimental Hart & Dunn 1993
Basalt Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     1.23 2.92 Phenocryst-Matrix Matsui et al. 1977
Basalt Garnet 21 Sc 1.4       Experimental Kato et al. 1988
Basalt Garnet 21 Sc     3.3 4.7 Experimental Jenner et al. 1994
Basalt Garnet 21 Sc 2.62       Experimental Hauri et al. 1994
Basalt Ilmenite 21 Sc 1.8       Phenocryst-Matrix Paster et al. 1974
Basalt Magnetite 21 Sc 0.73       Experimental Lemarchand et al. 1987
Basalt Magnetite 21 Sc     0.67 5.76 Calculated Nielsen 1992
Basalt Olivine 21 Sc     0.18 0.29 Experimental Nielsen et al. 1992
Basalt Olivine 21 Sc 0.23   0.23   Phenocryst-Matrix Kloeck & Palme 1988
Basalt Olivine 21 Sc     0.12 0.38 Experimental Beattie 1994
Basalt Olivine 21 Sc     0.13 0.22 Phenocryst-Matrix Dale & Henderson 1972
Basalt Olivine 21 Sc       0.04 Phenocryst-Matrix Pedersen 1979
Basalt Olivine 21 Sc 0.33       Phenocryst-Matrix Paster et al. 1974
Basalt Olivine 21 Sc     0.14 0.22 Phenocryst-Matrix Leeman & Scheidegger 1977
Basalt Plagioclase 21 Sc     0.072 1.458 Experimental Bindeman et al. 1998
Basalt Plagioclase 21 Sc     0.016 0.114 Experimental Aignertorres et al. 2007
Basalt Plagioclase 21 Sc 0.008       Phenocryst-Matrix Paster et al. 1974
Basalt Pyroxene 21 Sc     1.23 2.92 Phenocryst-Matrix Onuma et al. 1968
Basalt-Andesite Amphibole 21 Sc 4.2       Phenocryst-Matrix, SIMS Sisson 1994
Basalt-Andesite Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     2.5 3.5 Phenocryst-Matrix Ewart et al. 1973
Basalt-Andesite Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     1.93 4 Experimental Gallahan & Nielsen 1992
Basalt-Andesite Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     2.2 3.5 Model Ewart et al. 1973
Basalt-Andesite Low Calcium Pyroxene 21 Sc     0.6 2.3 Experimental Nielsen et al. 1992
Basalt-Andesite Low Calcium Pyroxene 21 Sc     1.4 1.9 Phenocryst-Matrix Ewart et al. 1973
Basalt-Andesite Low Calcium Pyroxene 21 Sc     1.2 1.9 Model Ewart et al. 1973
Basalt-Andesite Olivine 21 Sc 3.05       Phenocryst-Matrix Villemant 1988
Basalt-Andesite-Dacite Low Calcium Pyroxene 21 Sc     5.68 9.71 Phenocryst-Matrix Okamoto 1979
Basalt-Andesite-Dacite Magnetite 21 Sc 1.96       Phenocryst-Matrix Okamoto 1979
Basalt-Andesite-Dacite Plagioclase 21 Sc 0.033       Phenocryst-Matrix Okamoto 1979
Basalt-Hawaiite Clinopyroxene 21 Sc 2.8       Phenocryst-Matrix Lemarchand et al. 1987
Basalt-Hawaiite Magnetite 21 Sc 0.73       Phenocryst-Matrix Lemarchand et al. 1987
Basanite Amphibole 21 Sc     1.59 2.86 Experimental Adam & Green 2006
Basanite Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     1.63 3.62 Experimental Adam & Green 2006
Basanite Garnet 21 Sc     4.01 5.79 Experimental Adam & Green 2006
Basanite Mica 21 Sc     0.16 0.247 Experimental Adam & Green 2006
Basanite Olivine 21 Sc     0.22 0.32 Experimental Adam & Green 2006
Basanite Orthopyroxene 21 Sc 0.64 0     Experimental Adam & Green 2006
Basanite-Basalt Garnet 21 Sc 11.6       Phenocryst-Matrix Irving & Frey 1978
Basanite-Hawaiite Amphibole 21 Sc 2.9       Phenocryst-Matrix Lemarchand et al. 1987
Basanite-Hawaiite Plagioclase 21 Sc 0.02       Phenocryst-Matrix Lemarchand et al. 1987
Benmoreite Amphibole 21 Sc 5.33       Phenocryst-Matrix Liotard et al. 1982
Calc Alkaline Picrite, Basalt Clinopyroxene 21 Sc 0.51       Experimental Ulmer 1989
Calc Alkaline Picrite, Basalt Garnet 21 Sc 2.27       Experimental Ulmer 1989
Calc Alkaline Picrite, Basalt Low Calcium Pyroxene 21 Sc 0.33       Experimental Ulmer 1989
Calc Alkaline Picrite, Basalt Olivine 21 Sc 0.16       Experimental Ulmer 1989
Chondritic Basalt High-Al Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     1.266 1.886 Experimental Lofgren et al. 2006
Chondritic Basalt High-Ca Kirchsteinite 21 Sc 0.796       Experimental Lofgren et al. 2006
Chondritic Basalt Low Alumunium Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     1.317 2.133 Experimental Lofgren et al. 2006
Chondritic Basalt Low Calcium Kirchsteinite 21 Sc 0.894       Experimental Lofgren et al. 2006
Chondritic Basalt Low Calcium Pyroxene 21 Sc     0.48 1.5 Experimental Kennedy et al. 1993
Chondritic Basalt Melilite 21 Sc     0.012 0.022 Experimental Beckett et al. 1990
Chondritic Basalt Merrillite 21 Sc         Experimental Lofgren et al. 2006
Chondritic Basalt Olivine 21 Sc     0.47 0.78 Experimental Kennedy et al. 1993
Chondritic Basalt Rhonite 21 Sc 0.633       Experimental Lofgren et al. 2006
Dacite Amphibole 21 Sc     5.8 6.3 Phenocryst-Matrix Nagasawa & Schnetzler 1971
Dacite Amphibole 21 Sc 35       Phenocryst-Matrix, SIMS Sisson 1994
Dacite Biotite 21 Sc 11.3       Phenocryst-Matrix Higuchi & Nagasawa 1969
Dacite Biotite 21 Sc 11.3       Phenocryst-Matrix Matsui et al. 1977
Dacite Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     3.5 8.7 Phenocryst-Matrix Ewart et al. 1973
Dacite Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     3.4 12 Model Ewart et al. 1973
Dacite Garnet 21 Sc 27.6       Experimental Irving & Frey 1976
Dacite Garnet 21 Sc 10.8       Phenocryst-Matrix Irving & Frey 1978
Dacite Low Calcium Pyroxene 21 Sc     2 4.6 Phenocryst-Matrix Ewart et al. 1973
Dacite Low Calcium Pyroxene 21 Sc     1.9 6.2 Model Ewart et al. 1973
Dacite Plagioclase 21 Sc     0.03 0.197 Phenocryst-Matrix Dudas et al. 1971
Eclogite Clinopyroxene 21 Sc 1.93 0.07     Experimental Pertermann & Hirshmann 2002
FCMAS Clinopyroxene 21 Sc 0.47 0.0092     Experimental Vanwestrenen et al. 2000
FCMAS Garnet 21 Sc     3.75 4.41 Experimental Vanwestrenen et al. 2000
Garnet Garnet 21 Sc     3.1 1.7 Experimental Vanwestrenen et al. 1999
Garnet Pyroxenite Garnet 21 Sc 3.24       Phenocryst-Matrix Zack et al. 1997
Hawaiite Garnet 21 Sc 2.6       Phenocryst-Matrix Irving & Frey 1978
Hawaiite Olivine 21 Sc 0.06       Phenocryst-Matrix Lemarchand et al. 1987
High Na-Al Basalt Clinopyroxene 21 Sc 3.2 0.15     Experimental Blundy et al. 1998
High Na-Al Basalt Plagioclase 21 Sc         Experimental Blundy et al. 1998
High Silica Rhyolite Allanite 21 Sc     49.4 62.3 Phenocryst-Matrix Mahood & Hildreth 1983
High Silica Rhyolite Biotite 21 Sc     13.1 18.1 Phenocryst-Matrix Mahood & Hildreth 1983
High Silica Rhyolite Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     109 172 Phenocryst-Matrix Mahood & Hildreth 1983
High Silica Rhyolite Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     96.8 140.7 Phenocryst-Matrix Streck & Grunder 1997
High Silica Rhyolite Fayalite, Olivine 21 Sc     4.8 9.3 Phenocryst-Matrix Mahood & Hildreth 1983
High Silica Rhyolite Fayalite, Olivine 21 Sc     6.3 11 Phenocryst-Matrix Michael 1988
High Silica Rhyolite Ferrohedenbergite, Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     89 94 Phenocryst-Matrix Michael 1988
High Silica Rhyolite Ilmenite 21 Sc 18.5       Phenocryst-Matrix Mahood & Hildreth 1983
High Silica Rhyolite K-Feldspar 21 Sc     0.024 0.059 Phenocryst-Matrix Mahood & Hildreth 1983
High Silica Rhyolite Low Calcium Pyroxene 21 Sc     18.1 96 Phenocryst-Matrix Mahood & Hildreth 1983
High Silica Rhyolite Magnetite 21 Sc     6.47 7.47 Phenocryst-Matrix Streck & Grunder 1997
High Silica Rhyolite Magnetite 21 Sc     8.9 12.4 Phenocryst-Matrix Mahood & Hildreth 1983
High Silica Rhyolite Zircon 21 Sc     60.3 77 Phenocryst-Matrix Mahood & Hildreth 1983
Kimberlite Garnet 21 Sc 4.3       Phenocryst-Matrix Irving & Frey 1978
Komatiite, Basalt Garnet 21 Sc 1.1       Experimental Yurimoto & Ohtani 1992
Komatiite, Basalt Majorite, Garnet 21 Sc 1.64       Experimental Ohtani et al. 1989
Lamproite Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     1.09   Phenocryst-Matrix Foley & Jenner 2004
Lamproite Leucite 21 Sc 0.072       Phenocryst-Matrix Foley & Jenner 2004
Lamproite Olivine 21 Sc 0.109       Phenocryst-Matrix Foley & Jenner 2004
Latite Biotite 21 Sc 2.23       Phenocryst-Matrix Villemant 1988
Latite Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     3.05 7.44 Phenocryst-Matrix Villemant 1988
Latite Plagioclase 21 Sc 0.03       Phenocryst-Matrix Villemant 1988
Lunar Basalt Ferropseudobrookite 21 Sc     3.5 5.1 Experimental Klemme et al. 2006
Lunar Basalt Garnet 21 Sc     1.3 2.49 Experimental Dwarzski et al. 2006
Lunar Basalt Ilmenite 21 Sc     2.2 3.04 Experimental Klemme et al. 2006
Lunar Basalt Karrooite 21 Sc 7.2 0.5     Experimental Klemme et al. 2006
Lunar Basalt Low Calcium Pyroxene 21 Sc 1.4       Experimental McKay & Weill 1977
Lunar Basalt Orthopyroxene 21 Sc 2.6 0.3     Experimental Klemme et al. 2006
Mugearite Amphibole 21 Sc 4.01       Phenocryst-Matrix Lemarchand et al. 1987
Mugearite Clinopyroxene 21 Sc 4.05       Phenocryst-Matrix Lemarchand et al. 1987
Mugearite Magnetite 21 Sc 5.36       Phenocryst-Matrix Lemarchand et al. 1987
Mugearite Olivine 21 Sc 0.24       Phenocryst-Matrix Lemarchand et al. 1987
Mugearite Plagioclase 21 Sc 0.04       Phenocryst-Matrix Lemarchand et al. 1987
Na2O¿CaO¿MgO¿Al2O3¿SiO2 Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     2.46 29 Experimental Hill et al. 2000
Panterllerite Amphibole 21 Sc 2.4       Phenocryst-Matrix Mahood & Stimac 1990
Panterllerite Clinopyroxene 21 Sc 60       Phenocryst-Matrix Mahood & Stimac 1990
Panterllerite-Trachyte Apatite 21 Sc 0.3       Phenocryst-Matrix Mahood & Stimac 1990
Panterllerite-Trachyte Plagioclase 21 Sc     0.006 0.009 Phenocryst-Matrix Mahood & Stimac 1990
Per-Aluminous Granite Biotite 21 Sc 42.4       Phenocryst-Matrix Bea et al. 1994
Per-Aluminous Granite Cordierite 21 Sc 2.05       Phenocryst-Matrix Bea et al. 1994
Per-Aluminous Granite K-Feldspar 21 Sc 1.25   1.25   Phenocryst-Matrix Bea et al. 1994
Per-Aluminous Granite Plagioclase 21 Sc 1.62       Phenocryst-Matrix Bea et al. 1994
Picrite Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     0.594 1.193 Experimental Tuff & Gibson 2007
Picrite Garnet 21 Sc     1.741 4.285 Experimental Tuff & Gibson 2007
Picrite, Lunar Basalt Magorite Garnet 21 Sc     1.27 2.49 Experimental Draper et al. 2006
Pyrolite, Peridotite Perovskite 21 Sc     0.1 8.9 Experimental Gasparik & Drake 1995
Rhyolite Amphibole 21 Sc     90 144 Phenocryst-Matrix, SIMS Sisson 1994
Rhyolite Amphibole 21 Sc 14       Phenocryst-Matrix Bacon & Druitt 1988
Rhyolite Biotite 21 Sc     4.9 20 Phenocryst-Matrix Nash & Crecraft 1985
Rhyolite Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     44 65 Phenocryst-Matrix Nash & Crecraft 1985
Rhyolite Clinopyroxene 21 Sc 33       Phenocryst-Matrix Bacon & Druitt 1988
Rhyolite Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     120 160 Phenocryst-Matrix Sisson 1991
Rhyolite Garnet 21 Sc     13.6 19.2 Phenocryst-Matrix Irving & Frey 1978
Rhyolite Garnet 21 Sc 63       Phenocryst-Matrix Sisson & Bacon 1992
Rhyolite Ilmenite 21 Sc 5.9       Phenocryst-Matrix Nash & Crecraft 1985
Rhyolite K-Feldspar 21 Sc 0.029   0.029   Phenocryst-Matrix Leeman & Phelps 1981
Rhyolite K-Feldspar 21 Sc     0.01 0.04 Phenocryst-Matrix Nash & Crecraft 1985
Rhyolite Low Calcium Pyroxene 21 Sc 26       Phenocryst-Matrix Sisson 1991
Rhyolite Low Calcium Pyroxene 21 Sc 7.1       Phenocryst-Matrix Bacon & Druitt 1988
Rhyolite Low Calcium Pyroxene 21 Sc 18       Phenocryst-Matrix Nash & Crecraft 1985
Rhyolite Magnetite 21 Sc     1.5 15.6 Phenocryst-Matrix Nash & Crecraft 1985
Rhyolite Magnetite 21 Sc 5       Phenocryst-Matrix Bacon & Druitt 1988
Rhyolite Plagioclase 21 Sc 0.01       Phenocryst-Matrix Bacon & Druitt 1988
Rhyolite Plagioclase 21 Sc     0.02 0.06 Phenocryst-Matrix Nash & Crecraft 1985
Rhyolite-Dacite Garnet 21 Sc 20.2       Phenocryst-Matrix Irving & Frey 1978
Syenite Amphibole 21 Sc         Phenocryst-Matrix Marks et al. 2004
Syenite Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     4.01 334 Phenocryst-Matrix Marks et al. 2004
Synthetic Low Calcium Pyroxene 21 Sc     0.26 0.79 Experimental Colson & Gust 1989
Synthetic Basalt Clinopyroxene 21 Sc 2.6       Experimental Dunn 1988
Synthetic Basalt Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     0.84 3.7 Experimental Bennett et al. 2004
Synthetic Basalt Garnet 21 Sc     1.5 5.5 Experimental Bennett et al. 2004
Synthetic CaO-FeO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 Low Calcium Pyroxene 21 Sc     0.213 1.501 Experimental Colson et al. 1988
Synthetic CaO-FeO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 Olivine 21 Sc     0.122 0.302 Experimental Colson et al. 1988
Synthetic CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2-TiO2 Melilite 21 Sc     0.0565 0.0814 Experimental Nagasawa et al. 1980
Synthetic CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2-TiO2 Perovskite 21 Sc     0.13 0.21 Experimental Nagasawa et al. 1980
Synthetic CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2-TiO2 Spinel 21 Sc 0.0478       Experimental Nagasawa et al. 1980
Synthetic CATS, Doped Ca-Perovskite 21 Sc     0.3 0.064 Experimental Corgne & Wood 2005
Synthetic CMAST Ca-Perovskite 21 Sc     1.25 2.2 Experimental Corgne et al. 2005
Synthetic CMAST Mg Perovskite 21 Sc     1.6 4 Experimental Corgne et al. 2005
Synthetic Di-Ab-An Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     0.345 2.61 Experimental Ray et al. 1983
Synthetic Peridotite Mg Perovskite 21 Sc     2.15 3.02 Experimental Liebske et al. 2005
Tholeiitic Basalt Olivine 21 Sc 0.178       Phenocryst-Matrix Matsui et al. 1977
Trachyandesite Amphibole 21 Sc 43.2       Phenocryst-Matrix Luhr et al. 1984
Trachyandesite Apatite 21 Sc 0.45       Phenocryst-Matrix Luhr et al. 1984
Trachyandesite Low Calcium Pyroxene 21 Sc 56.3       Phenocryst-Matrix Luhr et al. 1984
Trachyandesite Magnetite 21 Sc 4.1       Phenocryst-Matrix Luhr et al. 1984
Trachyandesite Plagioclase 21 Sc 0.083       Phenocryst-Matrix Luhr et al. 1984
Trachyte Amphibole 21 Sc 15.3       Phenocryst-Matrix Lemarchand et al. 1987
Trachyte Biotite 21 Sc     2.81 5.56 Phenocryst-Matrix Villemant 1988
Trachyte Clinopyroxene 21 Sc 27.6       Phenocryst-Matrix Lemarchand et al. 1987
Trachyte Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     7.3 16.7 Phenocryst-Matrix Villemant 1988
Trachyte Clinopyroxene 21 Sc 27       Phenocryst-Matrix Mahood & Stimac 1990
Trachyte Magnetite 21 Sc 22.7       Phenocryst-Matrix Lemarchand et al. 1987
Trachyte Magnetite 21 Sc 2.5       Phenocryst-Matrix Mahood & Stimac 1990
Trachyte Olivine 21 Sc 1.6       Phenocryst-Matrix Mahood & Stimac 1990
Trachyte Olivine 21 Sc 0.18       Phenocryst-Matrix Lemarchand et al. 1987
Trachyte Plagioclase 21 Sc     0.03 0.07 Phenocryst-Matrix Villemant 1988
Trachyte Plagioclase 21 Sc 0.06       Phenocryst-Matrix Lemarchand et al. 1987
Trachyte-Basalt Clinopyroxene 21 Sc     3.32 3.4 Phenocryst-Matrix Villemant 1988
Trachyte-Basalt Olivine 21 Sc     0.21 0.22 Phenocryst-Matrix Villemant 1988
Trachyte-Phonolite Biotite 21 Sc 10.1       Phenocryst-Matrix Villemant 1988
Trachyte-Phonolite Clinopyroxene 21 Sc 34       Phenocryst-Matrix Villemant 1988
Trachyte-Phonolite Plagioclase 21 Sc 0.26       Phenocryst-Matrix Villemant 1988
Ultrabasic, Peridotite Garnet 21 Sc 1.7       Experimental Kato et al. 1988
Ultrabasic, Peridotite Mg Perovskite 21 Sc 5       Calculated Kato et al. 1988
Ultramafic Lamproite K-Richterite, Amphibole 21 Sc 7.43       Experimental Botazzi et al. 1999
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