Reference Database (ERR)
Development and Maintenance by the Database Team

Detailed Reference Information
Archer et al. 1997
Archer, D., Kheshgi, H. and Maier-Reimer, E. (1997). Multiple timescales for neutralization of fossil fuel CO2. Geophysical Research Letters 24: doi: 10.1029/97GL00168. issn: 0094-8276.

The long term abiological sinks for anthropogenic CO2 will be dissolution in the oceans and chemical neutralization by reaction with carbonates and basic igneous rocks. We use a detailed ocean/sediment carbon cycle model to simulate the response of the carbonate cycle in the ocean to a range of anthropogenic CO2 release scenarios. CaCO3 will play only a secondary role in buffering the CO2 concentration of the atmosphere because CaCO3 reaction uptake capacity and kinetics are limited by the dynamics of the ocean carbon cycle. Dissolution into ocean water sequesters 70--80% of the CO2 release on a time scale of several hundred years. Chemical neutralization of CO2 by reaction with CaCO3 on the sea floor accounts for another 9--15% decrease in the atmospheric concentration on a time scale of 5.5--6.8 kyr. Reaction with CaCO3 on land accounts for another 3--8%, with a time scale of 8.2 kyr. The final equilibrium with CaCO3 leaves 7.5--8% of the CO2 release remaining in the atmosphere. The carbonate chemistry of the oceans in contact with CaCO3 will act to buffer atmospheric CO2 at this higher concentration until the entire fossil fuel CO2 release is consumed by weathering of basic igneous rocks on a time scale of 200 kyr.¿ 1997 American Geophysical Union



Oceanography, Biological and Chemical, Carbon cycling, Global Change, Solid Earth, Global Change, Atmosphere (0315, 0325), Oceanography, Biological and Chemical, Sedimentation
Geophysical Research Letters
American Geophysical Union
2000 Florida Avenue N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20009-1277
Click to clear formClick to return to previous pageClick to submit