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Trace element partitioning between carbonatitic melts and mantle transition zone minerals:
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Data Type database
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Expert Level Science Overview (General)
Contributor Célia Dalou
Source Dalou et al. 2009
Célia Dalou
Resource Matrix The Carbon Cycle
The occurrence of CO2-rich lavas (carbonatites, kimberlites) and carbonate-rich xenoliths provide evidence for the existence
of carbonatitic melts in the mantle. To model the chemical composition of such melts in the deep mantle, we experimentally
determined partition coefficients for 23 trace elements (including REE, U-Th, HFSE, LILE) between deep mantle
minerals and carbonatite liquids at 20 and 25 GPa and 1600°C. Under these conditions, majoritic garnet and CaSiO3 perovskite
are the main reservoirs for trace elements. This study used both femtosecond LA-ICP-MS and SIMS techniques to measure
reliable trace element concentrations. Comparison of the two techniques shows a general agreement, except for Sc and
Ba. Our experimentally determined partition coefficients are consistent with the lattice strain model. The data suggest an effect
of melt structure on partition coefficients in this pressure range. For instance, strain-free partition coefficient (D0) for majorite¿
carbonatite melts do not follow the order of cation valence, D0 2+ > D0 3+ > D0 4+ , observed for majorite¿CO2-free silicate
melts. The newly determined partition coefficients were combined with trace element composition of majoritic garnets found
as inclusions in diamond to model trace element patterns of deep-seated carbonatites. The result compares favorably with
natural carbonatites. This suggests that carbonatites can originate from the mantle transition zone.
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